Agrarian Santa Cruz

After the Gold Rush, many of the miners and their support people stayed and sent home for their families. Many of these people came from the neatly fenced farms of Europe and the East Coast of America.  They brought with them even more cattle, sheep, pigs, horses and mules.  They started small businesses and established farms, raising all the necessities of life to which they were accustomed, including grain fields, hay fields, orchards and vineyards. Since transported goods still needed to travel overland in wagons or get shipped around the Horn, most daily necessities needed to be produced locally.

How did the first settlers live?  What did they do for their livings?  What changes did they make to land management practices to accomplish this?